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Friday, August 7, 2020 | History

1 edition of Soil and water management in irrigated sugar beet fields found in the catalog.

Soil and water management in irrigated sugar beet fields

by Jay L. Haddock

  • 87 Want to read
  • 29 Currently reading

Published by U.S. Dept. of Agriculture in Washington, D.C .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Sugar beet,
  • Irrigation,
  • Soil management

  • Edition Notes

    Cover title.

    Statementby Jay L. Haddock
    SeriesFarmers" bulletin / United States Department of Agriculture -- no. 2149, Farmers" bulletin / United States Department of Agriculture -- no. 2149
    The Physical Object
    Pagination11 p. :
    Number of Pages11
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL25630370M
    OCLC/WorldCa15522890

    Station Sugar Beet Information The Malheur Experiment Station runs a number of sugar beet trials for both scientific research and commercial companies. Trials include irrigation management, crop nutrition, beet quality, weed control, variety selection, seed emergence, and others. Due to sugar beet's extensive root system, the Malheur Experiment Station has been . When irrigation was stopped in mid-August, sugar yield declined seven percent when com pared to the low stress full season irrigation treatment. Sugarbeet were grown on a very fine sandy loam soil. Additional Keywords: Beta vulgaris L., sugar beet, water stress, limited. irrigation. C ritical water issues face irrigated agriculture, including.

      While we do suggest crediting sugar beet tops based on their greenness in the Red River Valley, sugar beets left in the field do not provide any potential nitrogen credit to the following crop. In fact, an additional 20 lbs. of N may be required if a crop like corn or wheat follows sugar beet. Furrow irrigation is the common practice for sugar beets in the region. Ali Montazar recently completed a two-year irrigation trial in four commercial fields to test furrow irrigation .

    The program of agricultural research --Research locations --Water table levels at reseach locations --Climate --Quality of river water --Salinity content --Nutrient content --Water quality studies --Comparative yields of dryland and irrigated crops in the Northern Great Plains --Soil-management studies with various crops --Alfalfa --Corn. Extension Water Quality Specialist • Develop, demonstrate and evaluate nutrient, irrigation and pesticide best management practices (BMPs) for water quality protection in irrigated agriculture. • Demonstration and evaluation of limited irrigation management in corn and sugar beets.


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Soil and water management in irrigated sugar beet fields by Jay L. Haddock Download PDF EPUB FB2

In the intermediate treatment, the irrigation interval was days and a more uniform water depletion was observed along the root zone, approximately equal between the and m soil layer.

Water extraction of sugar beet plants at the deeper soil layers in response to long irrigation intervals was related to an increase in water. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Haddock, Jay L., Soil and water management in irrigated sugar beet fields.

Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. A field study was conducted on sugar beet during a two-year period to investigate the effects and comparison of different irrigation methods and treatments on crop yield, irrigation water use. An irrigation is frequently applied after thinning.

Irrigation intervals can be selected using Table The irrigation is discontinued at least 2 to 4 weeks before harvest to increase sugar concentration in the beets. The soil should, however, not be too dry to hamper lifting of the beets. Soil at a depth of 90 cm was sampled before the experiments began and subjected to a physicochemical analysis.

Some physical and chemical characteristics of soils in the experimental area are given in Table seen in Table 2, the texture is silty-clay-loam, alkaline pH, and with a high limy and potassium the experimental area, water content at field Cited by: Our study evaluated the effect of the RDI on the sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.

Beta). Seven irrigation treatments were applied based on the growth stages of sugar beet (canopy development, storage root development, and sugar accumulation) and water deficit levels (30, 50, and 70% of field capacity [FC]). Daily totals of LE, evaluated by the two methods, agreed well on all occasions.

Despite the objections to use of this model for a crop, it mimicked the behavior of the irrigated sugar beet crop used here. As more detailed data on experimental fields becomes available, the model may prove useful in extrapolation to extensive vegetated areas.

Agricultural water management ELSEVIER Agricultural Water Management 34 () Osmotic adjustment of sugar beets in response to soil salinity and its influence on stomatal conductance, growth and yield N. Katerji a, J.W. van Hoorn b, *, A. Hamdy ', M.

Mastrorilli d, E. Mou Karzel a INRA, Station de Bioclimatologie, Thioerual-Grignon, France b Department of'Water. Motazar is the irrigation and water management advisor with the University of California Cooperative Extension in Imperial County. Furrow irrigation is a common practice for sugar beets in the region.

Montazar began the current trial in October to develop crop water use requirement information for sugar beets. apply or mm of irrigation water, respectively.

The approach towards irrigation management is similar to surface irrigation; that is to “fill-up” the soil root zone each time irrigation water is applied and to rely on retained soil water in the root zone to supply the crop for extended periods of time.

Labour requirements and. Sugar beets require " of water during the growing season. Considering that sugarbeets are considered a moderately long-season crop, averaging more than days of vegetative growth, this amount of water equates to inches per day, on the average.

Nitrogen Fertilizer Use Guidelines: Southern Minnesota Beet Sugar Cooperative pounds (lb.) nitrogen per acre (N/A) for 4-foot depth soil sample or 80 lb. N/A for 2-foot depth soil sample • Nitrogen fertilizer recommendations are similar for American Crystal Sugar Co. and Minn-Dak Farmers Cooperative.

The sugar beet (Beta vulgaris, L) cultivar “Farida” was grown on a clay soil at Water Management Research Station at El-Karada, Kafrelshiekh, Egypt. irrigation on sugar beet grown in sandy loam soil.

They reported that sugar beet yield and sucrose content were greater under drip irrigation than under furrow irrigation. Kırda () and Ramazzan et al. () reported that one of the efficient strategies for efficient irrigation water uses is deficit irrigation program in areas having water.

The increasing global demand for food and other agricultural products calls for urgent measures to increase water use efficiency which is, with plant nutrient availability, one of the two main limiting factors in crop production.

Although only 20% of all cultivated land in the world is under irrigation, it provides % of all crop production. Inthe study switched to Roundup Ready sugar beets – the same year these beets were commercially introduced in Alberta.

So, from toweed control in sugar beets relied on Roundup (glyphosate) and inter-row cultivation was no longer needed. Sugar beet (foreground) and other plots in the year irrigated rotation study at Vauxhall. Figure 1. Wilting symptoms in seedling sugar beet caused by Rhizoctonia root and crown rot.

Soil testing and using a disease index developed at the university's Panhandle Research and Extension Center can help identify high risk fields before planting.

The sugar beet was grown as a garden vegetable and for fodder long before it was valued for its sugar content. Sugar was produced experimentally from beets in Germany in by chemist Andreas Marggraf, but the first beet-sugar factory was built in in Silesia (now in Poland).

Napoleon became interested in the process in because the British blockade had cut off. The growth and water use of sugar beet affected by early (ED) and late (LD) drought was compared with that of irrigated (I) and unirrigated (NI) controls. Mobile shelters were used to exclude rain from ED plots during June and July, and LD plots during August and September, respectively, whereas outside these periods the ED and LD plots were.

Hanse, B et al. () Analysis of soil characteristics, soil management and sugar yield on top and averagely managed farms growing sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) in the Netherlands. Soil Tillage Research61 –. seasonal irrigation management. Using sensors in sugarbeets Furrow irrigation Soil moisture sensors should be placed together in “stations” (three sensors at 1- 2- and 3-foot depths) about feet from the head and tail ends of furrow-irrigated fields.

Sensors should be located in areas that best represent the field. Higher concentrations of carbon in the soil reduce crusting, rapid soil-surface drying, and compaction and improve soil structure, water infiltration, water-holding capacity, and microbial activity.

Decades of crop production have depleted organic matter and soil carbon from many fields in western Nebraska, according to Gary Hergert, retired.Moreno, F., F. Cabrera, E. Fernandez-Boy, I.F. Girón, J.E. Fernandez, and B. Bellido. Irrigation with saline water in the reclaimed marsh soils of south-west Spain: Impact on soil properties and cotton and sugar beet crops.

Agricultural Water Management – CrossRef Google Scholar.